A disability is any condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or interacting with world around them. According to Censes 2011, out of the 121 Cr population, 2.68 Cr people are disabled which accounts to 2.21% of the total population.
Disability is not just a private but also a social issue. It is an outcome of dealing with people having physical, mental or sensory impairments which on dealing with various obstructions may thwart their full and efficient contribution in society on an equal basis with others.
Attitude is ones judgement about a person, group, or an idea that how he/she assess things. One cannot ignore the word ’attitude’ from the very social definition of disability. Attitude can craft or obliterate the obstructions to the life of a person with disabilities.
According to Charles Osgood, attitude can be divided into 3 parts
- Moral Dimension: Things evaluated Good or Bad
- Potency Dimension: Strong or Weak
- Activity Dimension: Active or Passive
The combination of the above stated dimensions or parts determines the way common people behave with a person with disability.
Generally people show a variety of attitude towards the people with disabilities. Some of the most common attitude displayed by people are as follows:-
Pity- Pity towards physically handicap person implies that the person feeling pity understands the state of that handicapped person. Although it also implies that the person feeling pity considers the handicapped person for whom he is feeling pity as a less fortunate.
Mild Dislike or Embarrassment- Many people feel awkward and uncomfortable in the presence of a physically handicapped person and can’t find any topic to discuss with that person. This shows a mild form of rejection
Sympathy- It literary means felling pity and sorrow for someone else’s misfortune.
Curiosity- people usually become curious when they encounter a person with disability that they simply put the question to that particular handicapped individual about how he acquired his/her disability without even thing how will the disabled individual feel.
Over-solicitousness- This attitude is generally towards a family member who is physically disabled. It is compensatory, denoting a strong effort to refute unaware refusal of the handicap member. Such behaviour masks the insensible feelings of denial feelings which the individual is not ready to accept in total awareness.
There must be a change in the mentality of the society. This really is the need of the hour. Possibilities are we the able people might be a reason that the genius minds in the physically disabled people are not emerging. We have to remember this, be it anything but of the most intellectual mind in the world Stephen Hawking was also a physically handicapped person.
A disabled person, like every other person is a social being hence he/she is no different from any other able bodied person. It is an irony though that he/she are not accepted by the society.